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The Quebec Government’s new Attestation of Learning about Democratic Values and the Quebec Values, or commonly known as “Quebec Value Test”, came into effect on January 1, 2020. According to this new requirement, prospective immigrants will need to prove that they understand the democratic and Quebec values in order to become a permanent resident of Canada.
This new condition applies to applicants for the Regular Skilled Worker Program, Quebec Experience Program, Entrepreneur Program, Self-Employed Worker Program, and Quebec Immigrant Investor Program (QIIP).
All adult applicants included in the permanent selection application are required to pass the Value Test. Dependent children under age 18 and persons with a disability that prevents them from obtaining the attestation are exempt from this condition.
Applicants for Family Sponsorship or refugee do not need to take the Quebec Value Test.
Applicants in Quebec can participate in an information session to take the Value Test. One can also take the assessment online. The candidates have three chances to pass the test, which requires a result of 75% or more.
Some sample questions include:
Identify the situation(s) where there is discrimination. Refusing a job:
A. To a woman because of her pregnancy.
B. To a person who does not have the required diploma.
C. To a person because of their ethnic origin.
Since March 27, 2019, under the State Secularity Act, any new police officer cannot wear religious symbols in the exercise of their functions.
What is the official language of Quebec?
D. French and English
The attestation is valid for two years. In other words, applicants need to obtain it within two years prior to the submission of their applications.
To pass the online assessment, 15 correct answers are required out of a total of 20 questions (75% passing score). The applicants have 3 hours to complete the assessment. If one fails the assessment for the first time, they could wait for 2 weeks to take the online test again.
The Government of Quebec wants new immigrants to understand that every Quebecker has an obligation to accept the democratic values and Quebec values. In order to help the new immigrants understand the province’s core values better, the value test has been launched. The test includes five key themes:
• Key 1: Quebec is a Francophone society
• Key 2: Quebec is a democratic society
• Key 3: Equality between women and men
• Key 4: The rights and responsibilities of Quebeckers
• Key 5: Quebec is a secular society
French represents the expression of Quebec culture and the common symbol of belonging to Quebec society. French language makes Quebec a distinct society in Canada and in North America. French is also how Quebec expresses its culture. For example, French is present in theatre, music, cinema, novels, poetry, art, museum exhibitions and many other forms of artistic creation.
The Quebec government encourages immigrants to learn French because it facilitates integration into Quebec society. Knowledge of French contributes and facilitates access to education, work, culture and public services, among other things.
In Quebec, the democratic system allows the public to exercise their power by choosing their representatives during an election. Elected representatives generally come from different political parties that put forth various ideas and initiatives.
The right to vote freely and confidentially is granted in Quebec to anyone who meets certain criteria, including being 18 years of age or older, being a Canadian citizen and having resided in Quebec for at least six months. In Quebec, the democratic system allows each person to make their contribution to democracy.
In addition, one is free to express himself in Quebec. At the same time, freedom of expression implies a responsibility towards the freedom and dignity of others. It can be limited by everyone’s right to protect their reputation. For example, it is illegal to incite or encourage someone to commit a crime, act with the intention of harming someone’s reputation, or spread discriminatory statements or statements that incite hatred.
Freedom of expression may also be limited by the duty of reserve and neutrality required in certain types of employment. For example, Quebec public servants must set their personal opinions aside when carrying out their duties.
Equality between women and men is a fundamental value for Quebec society: women and men have the same rights, the same obligations, and the same responsibilities in their private and public lives.
In aspect of family responsibilities, couples, regardless of their sex and gender, have the same rights, as well as the same obligations toward their partner and their children. In public lives, women and men are equal in education, the workplace, decision-making and political circles.
The Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms applies to everyone who is in Quebec, as well as all the groups, organizations, businesses and government. Fundamental rights include the right to life, security, integrity and personal liberty and the right to privacy.
On the other hand, since fundamental rights are exercised in society, there are certain limits to their application. For example, smoking is prohibited inside public spaces and outside within nine meters from their doors.
There are many more rights and responsibilities listed in the guide including the right to non-discrimination, the rights of children, and judicial rights.
The secularism of the Quebec ensures the equality of all people, regardless of their beliefs or their religion. In 2019, Quebec reinforced laicity by adopting the Act respecting the laicity. This Act introduces rules on how the value of secularism plays out in the public domain in Quebec.
To integrate into a new society, it is important to make a long-lasting commitment to show that you want to join and fully participate the local life. This is the main goal for Quebec’s value test.
Interested to move to Quebec? Simard & Associates can help you with all your immigration inquiries. We are a Hong Kong-based professional immigration intermediary for clients in Canada, North America and other popular and desirable immigrant countries. Get in touch today and one of our friendly team will set you on the path to your ultimate adventure in the Great White North!