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What You Need to Know About Canadian Immigration Medical Examination

As part of the immigration application to Canada, you might be required to get a medical examination. This is to help the Canadian government see how you may affect other people living in Canada in terms of public health and public safety. It is one of the ways the government controls and prevents the spread of infectious diseases and viruses. They also want to make sure that there is no excessive demand for healthcare and social services that may take away from Canadians who need them.


What is the process?

Getting a Canadian immigration medical examination is relatively straightforward. Although you cannot use your own doctor due to a conflict of interest, you can choose from a list of approved panel physicians that the government has conveniently provided on their site. Simply make an appointment before or after you apply. You do not need to do anything else as the results will be sent to the government by the physician. Just keep a copy of the document confirming that you have had a medical examination as proof for your Canadian immigration application. The results are valid for 12 months, so make sure that the timeline fits your application timeframe.

If you get the exam after you submit your application, it must be completed within 30 days of receiving the letter from the government. The panel physician does not make the final decision about your medical exam. They just administer the tests for the government to make the decision.


What do I need to bring to the appointment?

Bring proper identification, any medical reports or test results for previous or existing medical conditions, a list of your current medications, the Medical Report form (if you are doing the test before the application), and proof of COVID-19 vaccination if you have one. You may also be required to bring photographs, depending on what platform the physician uses to submit the examination results. Be sure to reach out to them or check their website before your appointment to see if you need to bring it with you.


What is included in the medical examination?

Upon arrival at your appointment, the doctor will fill out a medical history questionnaire with you. They will ask if you have any previous or existing medical conditions or if you are currently taking any medications. After the medical history questionnaire, you will be required to undergo a physical examination, measuring and checking your weight, height, hearing, vision, blood pressure, pulse, heart, lungs, abdomen, limbs, and skin. Genitals and rectal area checks are not required for the Canadian immigration medical exam unless the doctor believes that it is necessary.

There are other possible tests depending on your age. You may be asked to do chest x-rays or additional laboratory tests. If so, you may be referred to a specialist. Since all of these do take time, you want to ensure that these are completed as soon as possible to reduce the waiting time.


How much does it cost?

For most cases, there should be no additional fees on top of the standard examination fees unless you are referred to a specialist or asked to do more tests for chronic disease or other particular diagnoses. The exact costs will depend on the plan and age but can range from HK$500 to HK$3,000.


What are the possible reasons for medical inadmissibility?

There is a slight likelihood that the Canadian government refuses your application if you do not meet the medical inadmissibility rules. There are three possible reasons that may occur. If your medical check shows that you are a danger to public health, danger to public safety, or if there will be excessive demand on health or social services, your application may be denied. 

Danger to public health looks into whether you have certain infectious diseases or whether you’ve been in close contact with others with an infectious disease that can cause an outbreak and affect other people living in Canada. If your health condition will endanger public safety due to sudden loss of physical and mental ability, resulting in unpredictable or violent behavior, your application may also be refused. Lastly, excessive demand on health or social services refers to whether your condition will affect wait times in Canada or if your treatment will cost more than the excessive demand cost threshold. In 2021, the cost threshold is CAD21,798 per year. 

There are some exceptions for the medical inadmissibility regarding excessive demand. Refugees and their dependents, protected persons, and certain people being sponsored by their family, only the first two medical inadmissibility reasons are considered.


The medical examination is just one component of an immigration application to Canada. The whole application can sometimes be confusing and time-consuming. Avoid the stress and make the whole application process smoother with Simard & Associates. As a professional immigration consulting agency, we provide comprehensive guidance during your application process to Canada. Get in touch today to begin your move to Canada.